7 Collateral Securities for Education Loan
✓ List of Collateral/ Liquid Securities
✓ Acceptable Securities
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Table of content
- What is Collateral Security?
- Which collateral is accepted for education loan??
- List of liquid securities for collateral education loan
- Which properties are easily accepted for abroad education loans?
- Which properties are not accepted for education loans?
- What to do if the collateral is located elsewhere?
- What happens if you do not pay back your education loan?
- Why should you apply for a secured education loan through WeMakeScholars?
- Need Help? Ask Here!
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Higher education funding is a matter of concern for most Indian students who wish to study abroad. The purpose of an education loan is to ease this concern and provide the required financial aid so that students do not have to worry about their finances while studying abroad.
Among the two types of education loans i.e. Collateral and Non-collateral education loan, collateral education loan from any of the government banks is considered to be one of the best sources of finances.
However, many students who apply for government bank education loans often find it difficult to get their education loan in time due to two factors; the slow processing time of a loan against property, and insufficient knowledge about the collateral security that can be pledged.
The various examples of collateral for a secured loan are explained well in the 12th episode of Loanflix Inshorts, which has been embedded below.
What is Collateral Security?
Before getting into the types of collateral security accepted for education loans, you should know what collateral security is.
Collateral security or collateral property is a banking term used to describe an asset(s) that borrowers put as security with lenders in order to acquire a loan. An education loan that is provided based on collateral property is called a secured education loan. There are various properties an applicant can pledge as security like a house, land, fixed deposits, etc.
Which collateral is accepted for education loan??
In India, Lenders accept two types of collateral security for education loans;
- Immovable Security: An immovable property refers to assets such as a house, flat, or non-agricultural land.
- Liquid security: Liquid security refers to fixed deposits, term insurance policies, and government bonds.
Banks also consider third-party collateral for education loans. Third-party collateral means collateral securities of your friends and relatives, where you can also pledge their property for your education loan provided they are willing to offer their property as collateral.
To know how much loan amount you can get on collateral security? How are collateral securities valued? What all documents are required and more? We've covered it already our detailed article on all about collateral education loans.
List of liquid securities for collateral education loan
Out of the two aforementioned types of collateral security, immovable property is the more commonly pledged type of asset as collateral security for education loans. This is because when we think of collateral, we usually think of a house or land, and even bank officials mostly do not take up the burden of explaining everything.
However, as earlier said, you can also pledge liquid securities, and it is a preferable form of collateral security by lenders. You can read our article on the education loan process and understand that immovable properties require legal and valuation reports which take up valuable time. And, Liquid securities can be converted to cash instantly, thus eliminating the legal and valuation process which results in a faster loan process.
- Fixed Deposits- Again in liquid securities, FD has to be the most pledged type of liquid security. Lenders consider FD principal value and not the maturity value as the amount for collateral education loans. Lenders give 90-100% loans on Fixed Deposits.
- Insurance policies- Lenders also accept LIC policy as collateral for education loans provided it should be a term insurance policy. Few banks generally consider insurance policies of only LIC and bank-linked insurance companies like SBILife for State Bank of India. You can expect 75-100% loans on the surrender value of your insurance policies.
- Government bonds- Government security bonds issued by PSUs (Public Sector units), NSCs (National Savings certificates), and RBI relief bonds are accepted as collateral security. You can get up to 100% loan on the face value of the bond.
- Mutual funds- Mutual funds can also be pledged as collateral security for education loans albeit only a few banks actually accept it as security. The process is also daunting and time-consuming plus banks consider only about 50% value for the loan amount as per the current market value. It is better to simply sell all your shares and open an FD from the returns instead.
Which properties are easily accepted for abroad education loans?
Though all properties mentioned below are suitable, lenders prefer certain properties over others based on the property's future prospects.
- Urban properties over rural properties.
- Residential properties over commercial properties.
- Build up properties over empty lands.
Which properties are not accepted for education loans?
As mentioned above, you can use your or third-party-collateral property as security for an education loan, but there are certain limitations as to which all property can be pledged. There are a few types of properties that banks do not accept at all which are listed below
- Agricultural lands are not accepted as collateral security for education loans because of the SARFAESI ACT, of 2002.
- Non-agricultural lands without build-up boundaries are not accepted. A clear demarcation of land with a boundary of at least 2 feet high is required.
- Gram panchayat properties are not usually acceptable. Property has to be under Municipal Corporation.
- Cantonment area property is not acceptable. It includes- temporary quarters for troops and a permanent military station in India.
Important: Properties used for social causes like a hospital, a school, etc can not be pledged.
What to do if the collateral is located elsewhere?
We frequently receive inquiries from students and parents asking if they can pledge a property that is located in another city where they are not presently staying. Yes, you can pledge such collateral as security (provided it is acceptable). These cases are called Multi-city cases and are generally accepted by banks.
For example- "If a student with their parents is staying in a rented house in Bangalore, and their immovable property (House) is in Kolkata, they can get the loan."
These Multi-city cases require bank branches to coordinate with each other. The processing center/branch sends a request to the processing center/branch nearest to the property's location.
WeMakeScholars have handled multiple Multi-city cases and have successfully been able to get the loan sanctioned for students who had previously been denied by banks.
There are again region/ state-specific collateral requirements that students should know belonging to the particular region. We've covered the major cities and states for the same in this article- Education Loan on Property.
What happens if you do not pay back your education loan?
This is a frequently asked question by students who take out education loans on collateral security.
Students may have this false notion that if they miss their one EMI, then the bank would seize their pledged collateral. But in reality, when you fail to repay an education loan, you get plenty of time and chances before the bank actually seizes and auctions the collateral.
We've addressed this question and explained it in detail like how to mitigate the risk of default, methods of recovery by public and private banks, etc. in this article- What happens if you do not pay back your Abroad Education Loan?
Why should you apply for a secured education loan through WeMakeScholars?
The financial team of WeMakeScholars is well-versed in the entire process and document requirements of various government banks. The assigned financial officers are dedicated to making a student’s education loan process easy and hassle-free from the very first day.
If our students happen to encounter any problem in their education loan process, be it regarding their documentation or pre-visa disbursement, their respective financial officer ensures that the problem is fixed before the day ends.
And since we are funded and supported by the IT ministry, Government of India, we do not charge anything from the students.
Education Loan FAQs
Can I use something other than property as collateral for an education loan if I don't have those assets?
Yes, there are other assets you can use as collateral for an education loan if you don't have property. These may include fixed deposits, mutual funds, life insurance policies, gold, or government securities.
Can I sell the pledged asset before repaying the education loan?
No, you cannot sell the pledged asset before repaying the education loan. The pledged asset is held as collateral until the loan is repaid in full. If you sell the asset before repaying the loan, the lender has the right to seize and sell the asset to recover the loan amount.
Do all lenders require collateral security for education loans, or are there lenders who offer unsecured education loans?
Not all lenders require collateral security for education loans. Some lenders offer unsecured education loans to borrowers who meet their eligibility criteria and have good credit scores. However, the interest rates on unsecured education loans are generally higher than those on secured loans.
Is it possible to negotiate the interest rate on an education loan secured with collateral?
Yes, it is possible to negotiate the interest rate on an education loan secured with collateral. However, the extent of negotiation may depend on the lender's policies and the strength of your credit score. Experts of WeMakeScholars provide end-to-end negotiation support to all of its students. Get in touch with our Team.
How does the lender determine the loan amount based on the collateral security provided?
The lender determines the loan amount based on the Realizable or Current market value of the collateral security provided. For example, if you pledge a property as collateral, the lender will evaluate the Realizable /Current market value of the property and offer a loan amount that is a percentage of the market value.
Our Education Loan team will help you with any questions
WeMakeScholars- supported by IT Ministry, Govt. of India.