The Government of India, based on the recommendation of Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister, through the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), has established five Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER)(Hindi: à¤à¤¾à¤°à¤¤à¥€à¤¯ à¤µà¤¿à¤œà¥à¤žà¤¾à¤¨ à¤¶à¤¿à¤•à¥à¤·à¤£ à¤à¤µà¤‚ à¤…à¤¨à¥à¤¸à¤‚à¤§à¤¾à¤¨ à¤¸à¤‚à¤¸à¥à¤¥à¤¾à¤¨) in 2006. These institutes are currently located in Kolkata, Pune, Mohali, Bhopal and Thiruvananthapuram. IISERs are a unique initiative in science education in India in which teaching and education will be totally integrated with the state-of-the-art research nurturing both curiosity and creativity in an intellectually vibrant atmosphere of research. IISERs are destined to become Science Institutes of the highest caliber and reach the prestigious position in the global setting that IISc, IIMs and IITs presently enjoy. Each IISER is an autonomous institution awarding its own Masters and Doctoral degrees. Students are encouraged to carry out research projects during the vacation periods in the first four years of their Masters programme in various research institutes outside IISER. The teaching classrooms, teaching laboratories and research laboratories are state of the art with an excellent research atmosphere with the facilities and standards second to none in India. The construction of the final campus has been completed.