J.P. Morgan & Co. is a commercial and investment banking institution based in the United States founded by J. Pierpont Morgan and commonly known as the "House of Morgan" or simply "Morgan". The firm is a predecessor of two of the largest banking institutions in the United States and globally, JPMorgan Chase and Morgan Stanley.
In 2000, J.P. Morgan & Co. merged with Chase Manhattan Bank to form JPMorgan Chase & Co., one of the largest global banking institutions. Today, the "J.P. Morgan" brand is used to market certain JPMorgan Chase wholesale businesses, including investment banking, commercial banking and asset management. The J.P. Morgan branding was revamped in 2008 to return to its more traditional appearance after several years of depicting the "Chase symbol to the right of a condensed and modernized "JPMorgan".
Between 1959 and 1989, J.P. Morgan operated as the "Morgan Guaranty Trust," following its merger with the "Guaranty Trust Company" of New York.