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University of Michigan Course/Program Name
Application closes on
National :30 Nov 
International :30 Nov 

Major Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

 Course Level
Bachelors / UG
Full Time

4 Years
 Start month

 Tuition fee

24135 USD
7945 USD

Application fee

International 80 USD
National 75 USD
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Scores accepted
IELTS (min)6.5
TOEFL-IBT (min)88
TOEFL-PBT (min)560
SAT (avg)1350
ACT (avg)29

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About this course

The Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major will train biologists interested in the origins and complex interactions of the Earth's biodiversity and ecosystems with both the fundamental knowledge in these areas and the basic skills of scientific inquiry. The program spans numerous levels of biological organization over multiple time-scales, and includes studies of genes and genomes, organ systems, individual organisms, populations, species, communities, and ecosystems. Students learn to synthesize how these levels of organization are related to one another and what processes govern their interactions. The major in EEB will prepare students for a variety of career paths including graduate study in biology, public health and medical, dental, and veterinary health professions, conservation and natural resource management, teaching at the K-12 level, positions in the local, state and federal governments

Check further details on University website

Eligibility Criteria

Prerequisites to the Major

Earth and Environmental Science Requirements.
Choose one from each of the following two categories:

  • Category I: An introductory geoscience course with a laboratory (EARTH 116, 119&118, 120, or 201), or an introductory geosciences course without a laboratory (EARTH 119, 284 or 205+206) combined with a laboratory course (EARTH 118 or 207).
  • Category II: An introductory course in global change, oceanography, or environmental science (EARTH 171, 222&223, 201, 202, 284 or 320).
  • MATH 115 (Calculus I)

Choose at least 2 out of the following 4 options for chemistry, physics, and biology courses:
Option I: CHEM 130 (General Chemistry) with CHEM 125+126 (lab + discussion) highly recommended
Option II: PHYSICS 140 and 141 (Physics I and lab)
Option III: BIOLOGY 162, 171, or 172 (Introductory Cell Biology or Ecology)
Option IV: Choose one from

  • MATH 116 (Calculus II),
  • MATH 214 or 216 (Differential Equations),
  • CHEM 230 (Physical Chemistry) or 210/211 (Organic Chemistry and Lab), or
  • PHYSICS 240/241 (Physics II and Lab).

General Requirements :

The University of Michigan requires a high level of proficiency in English, so that all students are able to participate fully in University life, both in and out of class. Applicants that do not speak English as their native language are required to provide proof of English proficiency.

Testing requirements
Who must take an English Proficiency test?
All transfer applicants that do not speak English as their native language must provide proof of English proficiency. The English proficiency requirement is not based on citizenship. Non-native speakers of English must submit current, official test scores from TOEFL, MELAB or IELTS to complete a transfer application.

Exceptions to the English proficiency tests include only lifetime residents of Australia, Canada (other than Quebec), New Zealand, United Kingdom or the United States (other than Puerto Rico). Students who have recently and successfully completed at least 4 years of rigorous academic studies in one of the countries listedmight also be exempted if SAT critical reading scores are in the mid-600 range.

Applicants that meet the above criteria and wish to request an exemption from the English proficiency requirement must present SAT scores and send a written request containing full name, U-M ID and requested term of enrollment to:

University of Michigan
Office of Undergraduate Admissions
515 East Jefferson Street
1220 Student Activities Building
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1316

Accepted English Proficiency tests
The University accepts the results of the Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB), the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the International English Testing System (IELTS). The Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) is not accepted.

Generally accepted minimum scores
English proficiency scores are one component in the overall review of an application. Generally accepted minimum scores for each of the accepted tests are:

  • MELAB: 80-85 range with section scores of at least 80
  • TOEFL (PBT): 570-600 range with section scores of at least 57
  • TOEFL (iBT): 88-100 range with section scores of at least 23 in listening and reading, and at least 21 in speaking and writing
  • IELTS: 6.5-7.0 range with section scores of at least 6.5

Sending test scores
Test scores are valid for two years from the date an application is received. Expired scores will not be accepted. Copies of test scores or scores submitted by applicants are not accepted. Only test scores received directly from the testing agency will be accepted. TOEFL scores are not accepted unless received directly from ETS. The U-M Ann Arbor TOEFL code is 1839.

Check further details on University website

Course Modules

Core courses
Ecology: BIOLOGY 281 & EEB 372* (or BIOLOGY 282); or EEB 381* (elected at UMBS)

Genetics: BIOLOGY 305

Evolution: EEB 390* or 391;  or EEB 392* (UMBS) (effective Winter 2016, retroactive to Fall 2008)

Quantitative Analysis Option or Biochemistry Option (choose one course):

  • STATS 401, 403, 412, 425;
  • EECS 281, 376;
  • EEB 408, 430, 490
  • MCDB 310 or BIOLCHEM 415 or CHEM 351

A second course from the Quantitative Analysis 2 options above [see prereqs];
min of 3 credits, courses cannot be double counted.

Capstone Seminar: EEB 410.

* EEB 381 or EEB 390 taken at UMBS satisfies both the residential field course requirement and the individual course requirements.

Upper-Level Electives (2 courses, minimum 6 credits):
EEB 300-level or above

EEB or MCDB 300-level or above 

Exclusions:  EEB/MCDB 300, 301 , 302, 397, 399,  400, 499, 800, MCDB 412, 800)

EEB Course Areas. Courses used here may overlap with courses in the areas below and elsewhere (i.e., one course may satisfy multiple requirements).
Biodiversity: At least one course must have a biodiversity focus.

  • BIOLOGY 207* (4) Introductory Microbiology
  • BIOLOGY 230* (4) Introduction to Plant Biology
  • BIOLOGY 252* (4) Vertebrate Evolution and Diversity
  • BIOLOGY 255* (5) Plant Diversity (Sp)
  • BIOLOGY 256 (4) Animals Functioning in Environments
  • BIOLOGY 288* (4) Animal Diversity
  • EEB 330* (5) Biology of Birds (Su–UMBS)
  • EEB 341*(4) Parasitology
  • EEB 420 (3) Plant Evolution
  • EEB 431* (5) Biology of Animal Parasites (Su–UMBS)
  • EEB 433* (4) Ornithology
  • EEB 436 (4) Woody Plants I: Biology and Identification
  • EEB 440 (3) Biology of Fishes
  • EEB 442* (4-5) Biology of Insects (F–AA / Sp– UMBS)
  • EEB 443* Biology of Insects (UMBS) [Effective Winter 2016, retroactive to Fall 2008]
  • EEB 450* (5) Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles
  • EEB 451* (4) Biology of Mammals
  • EEB 453* (5) Field Mammalogy (Su–UMBS)
  • EEB 457* (5) Algae of Freshwater Ecosystems

* also satisfies lab req

Research* or Residential Field Experience:
EEB 300 (3) or 400 (3), or,
Any upper division UMBS course or advisor-approved residential field experience
A maximum of three credits of independent research (EEB / MCDB 300 / 400), taken in one term, may be used to satisfy the Residential Field Course or Independent Research requirement.
See more information on Program in Biology undergraduate research:www.lsa.umich.edu/biology/studentresearch

Additional Courses (Electives and Cognates). Additional courses at the 200-level or above as needed to bring the major total to 30 credits.

This may include up to two approved cognate courses (see list below).
Three additional credits of MCDB 300 or EEB 300 or EEB 400 or MCDB 400 (taken in one term), may be applied under Additional Courses for a maximum of six independent research credits.

Check further details on University website

How to Apply

Freshmen Applicants :

All students follow the same basic steps to apply to U-M (although there are variations for transfer and international students). First, you must fill out and submit The Common Application as well as theUniversity of Michigan Questions, along with the $75 application fee (or fee waiver request*). A completed application also includes each of the items below submitted by our deadline:

  • High School Transcript
  • School Report
  • One Teacher Evaluation
  • Counselor Recommendation (encouraged, but not required)
  • SAT with writing or ACT with writing test scores
  • TOEFL, MELAB, or IELTS scores (for non-native speakers of English)
  • Official college transcripts (for high school students dual enrolled in a college or university)

Do not submit any extra documents unless specifically requested, as this may only delay your decision.

  • Your SAT/ACT test scores must be sent directly from the testing agency and received in the office before the deadline. Please plan ahead— rush paper scores are not accepted.
  • Also note that if you plan to take the ACT or SAT in October, those scores will not arrive in time to complete your application for Early Action.

Note : There are additional instructions and requirements when applying to several schools.

International Students :

International students are valued members of the University of Michigan campus community. The wealth of global and cultural experience they bring adds significantly to the rich and varied tapestry of backgrounds they will find here.

The University has a long history of engaging the world on many levels — as an international student, you help maintain and further our standing and deep connection with the global community.

How to Apply ?

The application process for international students at the University of Michigan is the same process all undergraduate students undertake, with a few key differences. The requirements may vary depending on your country of origin and specific educational history, particularly the type of transcript you will need to submit.

Important Application Steps

  • You must apply via The Common Application, and submit the University of Michigan Questions. International students are not eligible for application fee waivers.
  • All undergraduate first-year applicants are required to submit test results from either the SAT with writing or the ACT with writing.
  • Submit the School Report.
  • Submit one Teacher Evaluation.
  • Submit a Counselor Recommendation (encouraged, but not required).
  • Submit your high school transcript. An official English translation is required to accompany the transcript if the transcript is not issued in English by the school. 
  • If you are a speaker of English as a second language, you will need to submit your MELAB, TOEFL, or IELTS scores.

Please note that international students on temporary visas are not eligible for financial aid, and should expect to pay the full cost of attendance. Scholarships are generally not available.   

Do not submit any extra documents unless specifically requested, as this may only delay your decision.


As one who lives a great distance from Michigan and the United States, it’s important to submit your application, test scores, and related materials as soon as possible — ideally, long before you plan on attending the U-M. Your application materials will be reviewed once all of them have been received. Although deadlines vary by school, college, or program, some general deadlines to keep in mind include:

  • Fall—February 1
  • Early Action—November 1
  • Winter—October 1
  • Spring—February 1
  • Summer—February 1

Transfer Students :

The U-M Office of Undergraduate Admissions handles transfers for the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts and the College of Engineering.

A successful U-M transfer student to the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts:

  • Is in good academic and social standing at his/her prior institution.
  • Has a distinguished record of college work, earning a cumulative GPA of at least a B (3.0 on a 4.0 scale) or better.
  • Has earned sophomore or junior standing (preferably) with transferable credit earned at a community college or another two- or four-year college or university.
  • A successful U-M transfer student to the College of Engineering will have completed prerequisite courses at their current school with a minimum GPA. 
  • GPA requirements vary by department and may change at any time. Non-native speakers of English must provide proof of English proficiency.

Required Tests

If you took the ACT or SAT as a high school student, we require that you send those scores to the University so they can be evaluated as part of your transfer application; please have the scores sent directly to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions from the testing agency. If you have not yet had your scores reported to the University of Michigan, you may request to have them sent online using these U-M codes:

  • ACT(U-M code is 2062)
  • SAT(U-M code is 1839)

Rush paper scores are not accepted.

If you did not take the ACT or SAT as a high school student, these scores will not be required as part of your transfer application to the University of Michigan and you should not sit for the exams as a college student.

MELAB, TOEFL, or IELTS test scores are required of all speakers of English as a second language.

Application Materials

All transfer students are required to submit the following prior to the deadline date:

  • Completed application (The Common Application and University of Michigan Questions, with the $75 application fee or fee waiver request*.)
  • Final official secondary school record, including 9th-12th grades, test data, and graduation date
  • GED results, if applicable
  • Official transcripts from all post-secondary institutions
  • Academic Evaluator/Instructor recommendation (note this is not required of transfer applicants to the College of Literature, Science and the Arts, but may enhance the application during the review process)
  • Application fee
  • Required test scores: ACT with writing or SAT with writing if taken as a high school student; and MELAB, TOEFL, IELTS if English is not your first language
  • Requirements for specific schools and colleges (i.e., portfolio, audition request, etc.), if applicable

Mailing address :

University of Michigan

Office of Undergraduate Admissions

515 East Jefferson Street

1220 Student Activities Building

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1316

Check further details on University website

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