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University of Pennsylvania Course/Program Name
Application closes on
National :15 Dec 
International :15 Dec 


 Course Level
Masters / PG
Full Time

1 Year
 Start month

 Tuition fee

57242 USD
57242 USD

Application fee

International 80 USD
National 80 USD
Law School
Scores accepted
IELTS (min)7
TOEFL-IBT (min)100
TOEFL-PBT (min)600
GRE (avg)307
GMAT (avg)732

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About this course

The LLCM (Masters in Comparative Law) program is a one-year course of advanced study for students who have already earned their LLM degree.

LLCM students build their own curriculum in the same manner as LLM candidates, and most often choose to deepen their understanding by concentrating on a specific area of law and frequently complete a substantial piece of writing in that area. 

While many of our LLCM students come from our population of Penn Law LLM alumni, we welcome applicants from other LLM programs.

Penn Law LLCM students have many of the same opportunities that our LLM students have.  For example, they are eligible to enroll in the Wharton Business and Law Certificate, a program designed for Penn Law Graduate Students taught by Wharton faculty and industry experts selected for their teaching skills, subject expertise and ability to offer applied concepts and examples to participants. 

In addition to our outstanding course offerings, our LLCM students have the opportunity to gain real world US legal experience.  LLCMs are welcome to participate in the LLM Public Service Program which provides students with important opportunities to develop their professional skills while learning more about the communities that exist beyond the walls of Penn Law. Where appropriate, LLCM students are also eligible to participate in four clinical programs focusing onEntrepeneurship, Intellectual Property and Technology, International Human Rights and Immigration, and Mediation.

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Eligibility Criteria

Eng lang – On the TOEFL-iBT exam (Internet-Based Test), competitive applicants tend to have a composite score of 100 and above (the exam is scaled from 0-120, with 120 being a perfect score) with demonstrated consistency on each section of the exam (reading, listening, speaking, and writing). On the Paper- Based TOEFL, Penn tends to admit students with a score of 600 and above (the exam is scaled from 310 to 677, with 677 being a perfect score).

  • IELTS - 7.0
  • GRE - 307
  • GMAT - 732


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Course Modules

LLCM Degree Requirements
In order to receive the LLCM degree, a candidate must complete at least 16 credits, earned in at least three courses per semester, over two semesters. Credits earned in the LLM program cannot be counted toward the LLCM degree.

Aside from the above requirements, the LLCM degree is meant to be flexible. LLCM students build their own curriculum in the same manner as LLM candidates, and most choose to deepen their understanding by concentrating on a specific area of law and are encouraged to complete a substantial piece of writing in that area.

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How to Apply

As detailed in the application materials, a completed application to any of Penn Law’sGraduate Programs must include the items listed below.

  • An application form.
  • A personal statement.
  • Two letters of recommendation.
  • A résumé.
  • A transcript from each degree granting post-secondary school attended.
  • TOEFL or IELTS test scores.
  • An application fee of $80 ($150 for the SJD Program).
  • SJD candidates must also submit a scholarly project proposal and a writing sample.

Personal Statement

Your personal statement should be no more than two typed pages and should address your reasons for pursuing a graduate degree at Penn Law. Your essay may describe how Penn Law would complement earlier studies or prepare you for future professional work; your interest in a particular legal field and its application to existing issues in your country or the world; or more broadly how your study here would serve other goals or interests. We expect applicants to use professional and readable font and spacing.


Your résumé should highlight your relevant educational and professional background, skills (e.g. language facility), and interests. Although we do not have a page limit, one or two pages is usually sufficient.

Letters of Recommendation

A completed graduate application to Penn Law must include two letters of recommendation, ideally from law professors or others who have personal experience instructing and evaluating the candidate. An applicant may, alternatively, submit letters from academic instructors outside of the field of law, from employers, or from others with a personal knowledge of the candidate’s intellectual and other strengths.

We appreciate the burden this requirement places on recommenders.  Such subjective evaluations from knowledgeable references, however, are important factors in weighing the relative merits of international candidates whose objective credentials necessarily reflect many distinct grading systems and national standards for legal education.

Although we accept up to four letters of recommendation, your application will be considered complete and will be reviewed after we receive the first two letters. Please note that many successful applicants submit two letters of recommendation and additional letters of recommendation do not necessarily strengthen your application. 

Application Fee Payment

LLM and LLCM applicants must pay the $80 fee through LSAC.

English Proficiency

Successful participation in any of Penn Law’s programs requires a high level of English proficiency. Most course-work at Penn Law centers on a dialogue between the instructor and members of the class. Consequently, students should be able to understand rapid, idiomatic English as spoken in class and in seminar discussions. Students must be able to express thoughts clearly in both spoken and written English and must read the language with ease. The quantity and quality of academic work required at Penn Law cannot be accomplished without prior mastery of the English language.  

Note: Penn Law does not have a minimum score requirement. In general, we look for a TOEFL score of at least 100 or IELTS score of 7. We also look at the breakdown for listening, speaking, writing and reading to ensure that all indicate a high level of English proficiency. However, a lower score in one area or overall does not automatically preclude an applicant from consideration for Penn Law’s LLCM program. Applicants whose test score(s) falls below the targets set forth above, should feel free to highlight any specific issues in the personal statement portion of their application they feel might strengthen their application in this regard, such as time spent in English language environments, work done in English, English language publications, etc. It is also recommended that applicants with scores lower than those set forth above, submit at least one recommendation that addresses, at least in part, their English language ability.

Check further details on University website

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