Effects of immigration over study abroad dreams
Immigration seems to be making more headlines in recent years. As the world globalizes in terms of economies, trades and investments, borders are opened up easily in major countries for a free flow of goods.The current era of immigration to US began in 1965 and also today we look about how students studying abroad has effectively carved the generations of modern world and their effects on you. Three Effects of immigration over study abroad dreams
Worldwide, there is an estimated 191 million immigrants, though students studying abroad are not classified as immigrants, once they complete their course and decides with staying in the host country with job opportunities they get quickly.
Each student comes to school with characteristics that are as unique as the countries from which they came.
One barrier that immigrant and refugee students often encounter is language. Lack of English proficiency has been cited as the most important hindrance to a student’s adaptation to a new environment (Davies, 2008).
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Research reveals that these children are often competent at speaking everyday conversational English, but lag behind in academic English (Allen, 2002).
According to Cummins (1981), there are two types of language proficiencies, basic interpersonal communicative skills (BICS) and cognitive/academic language proficiency (CALP). BICS refers to everyday communication skills such as pronunciation, basic vocabulary, and grammar. Immigrant and refugee students typically acquire this skill quickly and as a result “teachers prematurely assume that minority children have attained sufficient English proficiency to exit to an English-only program”
Differing from the contextual process of BICS, CALP is more of a cognitive process, which does not rely on meaningful interpersonal context. Whereas BICS can be acquired in 2–3 years, it can take 5–7 years to acquire CALP (Cummins, 1981).
Another obstacle to education for the immigrant and refugee students is their level of prior education. Some students arrive at our schools to receive formal schooling for the first time, while the education of others was interrupted by their move to the United States.
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Trauma has also been cited as a possible hindrance among the student’s ability to learn. Majority of students studying abroad find it stressful with time to gain self-confidence and motivation towards their end goal of securing a high paying job apart from settling well in life. The ability to overcome stress levels and any fear about failing in subjects are effected by external factors caused sometimes due to or mostly by parental pressure, inflation and alternative job market scenario which may be very much less promising over time. This is also the first time students are coming out of their comfort zone or community learning experience they are dealing with since childhood.